Veterinary medicine in Ancient Egypt
In Ancient Egypt, as we know, animals are deified; therefore is not surprising is the fact that caring for them played an important role. Great attention was paid to the cows, goats, sheep and other paracobitis, as well as horses and donkeys. Primarily because a healthy livestock population increased the wealth of its owner. On ancient images Dating from approximately 2025 BC can often be seen resting in the shade of a specially constructed sheds of farm animals. Unchanged and the image of the shepherds, nablyudali for them. Farmers and landowners in those days believed that the shepherds thus acquire some practical experience not only in animal but also in their treatment.
In Ancient Egypt the responsibility for the care of animals often fell on the shoulders of the priests who cared for the sacred animals and the animals that were reared for slaughter. The ancient Egyptians believed that any illness has a supernatural origin, so very often, the pastoralists resorted to immediate assistance of a priest, so he asked the gods to intervene and protect sick animals, as mentioned in his work of 1878, the English scientist Wilkinson. In 2350 BC traveler KOF har travelled to Nubia with a caravan of three hundred Asses, and on completion he returned every one of them. This indicates a high level of animal welfare in Ancient Egypt.
Egyptian the knowledge of ancient physiology and psychology of animals have been closely intertwined with the belief in spirits, and religious rituals. Observations in the biology of animals recorded during the execution of the priests of their directly religious duties, was often regarded as some of the achievements in the field of medicine. This is not to overlook the fact that the conclusions of these observations could be applied to both animals and to humans. Testify concerning the area of medical records, first found by the English archeologist Flinders Petrie papyrus, Dating from 2000 BC This papyrus, found near Illahun, contains information on veterinary medicine of Ancient Egypt. In particular, it describes medications for the bulls, suffering from infections of the lacrimal ducts, methods for the treatment of parasites in dogs and ways to overcome mental distress in animals.